Chinese Astrology Calendar
Most Chinese Astrology system makes use of either the Chinese Lunar or Chinese Solar calendar. The Chinese Lunar calendar is based on the movement of the moon around the earth while the Chinese Solar Calendar – also known as the Xia or Farmer’s calendar - tracks the earth’s rotation around the sun.
The Chinese Lunar calendar is the one where the 1st day of the year oscillates between late January and late February. It is also the calendar that the Chinese use to determine Chinese New Year – 1st day of the 1st month of the year – and many other Chinese festivals.
The Chinese Solar or Xia Calendar starts on or around the 4th Feb every year. It is also known as the Farmer’s Calendar as it was initially devised as an aid for farming.
Since some Chinese Astrology system makes use of the Lunar Calendar while others use the Solar Calendar, it is important to differentiate between the two.
For example the highly popular Chinese Astrology system Ba Zi (or Eight Characters) employs the Chinese Solar Calendar, where each component of the year, month, date and time is expressed as a stem and branch combination. The Emperor’s Poem of the Four Seasons – which is found in the Chinese Almanac and used by laymen to get quick snapshot of a person’s fate potential – also makes use of the Solar Calendar
On the other hand, the less popular Chinese Astrology system, Zi Wei Dou Shu, makes use of the Chinese Lunar Calendar. Another popular but highly simplified system, Chinese Birth Weight Astrology that is also found in the Chinese Almanac uses the Chinese Lunar Calendar.
For most of us, our date and time of birth is expressed in the Gregorian calendar system. To find out the Chinese Solar and Lunar equivalent – needed for Chinese Astrology - the Chinese devised a conversion manual known as the Ten Thousand Years Calendar. Do not be misled by the name. Most version only contain between 100 to 150 years of recent data.
You can also find out your Chinese Solar and Lunar equivalent birth date by using my online Ten Thousand Calendar.
What about Feng Shui? Which calendar does it use? It depends and again it is critical to differential between the two.
Most Feng Shui system such as Ba Zhai (Eight Mansions), Xuan Kong Fei Xing or Da Gua uses the Chinese Solar Calendar. Zi Wei Dou Shu Feng Shui however uses the Chinese Lunar Calendar.
- Ba Zi or the Four Pillars of Destiny
- Zi Wei Dou Shu or Emperor Astrology
- Introduction to Chinese Astrology